Many patients have cultural factors and imbalances of pigmentation components which form the basis for unusual colorations of ginigival tissues. The range of darkening effects can be spotted or splotchy (light and dark brown) all the way to nearly 100% of the gum tissues.
Black gums usually refers to the condition where all or most gum tissue is affected, with a complete brown appearance. Dark pigmentation of gums can be permanently removed using a surgical procedure. The dark pigmented areas are removed to expose the naturally pink tissue underneath.
Thus the result is a healthy smile that looks natural and radiates confidence. It can be performed on individuals of all ages. Healing of the treated tissues is fairly rapid. Discomfort for the patient, both during and after treatments is minimal. Patients commonly report having itchy gums for a short time during the post operative period.
Gum Contouring “Gummy Smile” is visibly big gum line in which teeth appears too short. Gum Contouring is done to expose more tooth structure. It can be done for single multiple or entire set of teeth.
Teeth whitening is the process of using bleach or other materials to make teeth look whiter. The materials removestains or other discoloration from the tooth surface.
A dental prophylaxis is a cleaning procedure performed to thoroughly clean the teeth. Prophylaxis is an important dental treatment for halting the progression of periodontal disease and gingivitis.
Periodontal disease and gingivitis occur when bacteria from plaque colonize on the gingival (gum) tissue, either above or below the gum line. These bacteria colonies cause serious inflammation and irritation which in turn produce a chronic inflammatory response in the body. As a result, the body begins to systematically destroy gum and bone tissue, making the teeth shift, become unstable, or completely fall out. The pockets between the gums and teeth become deeper and house more bacteria which may travel via the bloodstream and infect other parts of the body.
Prophylaxis is recommended twice annually as a preventative measure, but should be performed every 3-4 months on periodontitis sufferers. Though gum disease cannot be completely reversed, prophylaxis is one of the tools the dentist can use to effectively halt its destructive progress.