laminates in bapu nagar
veneers in bapu nagar

Laminates & Veneers

What are laminates & veneers?

There is a very subtle difference between these two words as far as dentistry is concerned and could be used interchangeably with some liberty. These are basically shells of tooth-coloured materials that are bonded to the front surfaces usually to make them look beautiful.

What is the difference between a laminate and a crown?

A crown covers the whole of the tooth whereas a laminate generally covers only the front surface of the tooth. Therefore it may be considered to be a more conservative treatment as it tends to preserve a lot of healthy tooth structure that might have been sacrificed if a crown were to be fabricated.

What are direct and indirect laminates?

Direct laminates are the ones that are made directly inside the patient’s mouth. Whereas, indirect laminates are made in the laboratory on a replica of the patient’s teeth acquired by making the impression of the teeth.

Do they look natural?

Newer tooth-coloured materials have improved so much that, it may be extremely difficult for a lay man to make out anything artificial having been done on your teeth if the laminates are properly made. Only a trained eye like a dentist’s may be able to make out any treatment. That too sometimes, is difficult.

What are laminates made from?

There are various materials from which laminates or veneers can be fabricated as is the case with metal-free crowns. Some of them are :

  • Ceramics
  • Zirconia
  • Composite resin

Depigmentation of Gums

Many patients have cultural factors and imbalances of pigmentation components which form the basis for unusual colorations of ginigival tissues. The range of darkening effects can be spotted or splotchy (light and dark brown) all the way to nearly 100% of the gum tissues.
Black gums usually refers to the condition where all or most gum tissue is affected, with a complete brown appearance. Dark pigmentation of gums can be permanently removed using a surgical procedure. The dark pigmented areas are removed to expose the naturally pink tissue underneath.
Thus the result is a healthy smile that looks natural and radiates confidence. It can be performed on individuals of all ages. Healing of the treated tissues is fairly rapid. Discomfort for the patient, both during and after treatments is minimal. Patients commonly report having itchy gums for a short time during the post operative period.
Gum Contouring “Gummy Smile” is visibly big gum line in which teeth appears too short. Gum Contouring is done to expose more tooth structure. It can be done for single multiple or entire set of teeth.

Depigmentation of Gums in jaipur
teeth whitening in bapu nagar

Teeth Whitening

Teeth whitening is the process of using bleach or other materials to make teeth look whiter. The materials removestains or other discoloration from the tooth surface.


Teeth whitening is a cosmetic treatment done to improve the appearance of teeth. Teeth are whitened to remove the effects of coffee, cigarettes, and other substances that permanently stain or discolor teeth. Medications such asantibiotics like tetracycline may discolor teeth. Fluorosis, a condition caused by absorbing too much fluoride, couldaffect tooth color. Furthermore, aging also causes teeth to loose their bright color.


Teeth whitening is not safe or effective for everyone, so a person should have a dental exam before starting treatment. The dentist can advise the patient about the most appropriate procedure. The oral health professional will also discuss the expected results of treatment. Patients may expect yellow or gray teeth to be replaced with a bright, white color. However, whitening may not work well with some stain colors.

The importance of a check-up

Whitening may not be recommended for people with gum disease, receding gums, or sensitive teeth. The dentist may advise against certain treatments if the enamel is worn. Enamel is the outer layer of the tooth. There is no enamel on an exposed tooth root, so the root cannot be whitened.
In addition, cavities must be filled before treatment begins. Otherwise, the patient could experience additional mouth sensitivity when treatment material comes into contact with decay or the tooth interior.

When whitening is not recommended?

Women who are pregnant and nursing should avoid any whitening treatment except for toothpaste. Oral health careprofessionals advise that other treatments could contain levels of peroxide that are potentially dangerous to the child.Although no connections have been made between these treatments and harm to the child’s health, mothers areurged to take preventive action and delay whitening treatment.
Teenagers should not have their teeth bleached until they are between 14 and 16 years old. In a younger child, thenerve of the tooth called the pulp chamber has not fully developed. Whitening at this point could irritate the pulp andcause sensitivity.
People who are allergic to peroxide should not be treated with this whitening agent.

Cautions about tooth color

Treatments such as bleaching are most effective on yellowish stains, according to the American Dental Association(ADA). Teeth with brown stains may not bleach as well, and the treatment is even less effective on gray-stained teeth.
Furthermore, bleaching will not change the color of tooth-colored fillings, dentures, crowns, porcelain restorations, bonding, or other material used to restore or replace a tooth. If bleaching is done, the newly whitened teeth will stand out in contrast to fillings or other modifications.


Teeth are whitened by the use of bleach or other material. The treatment may be done in the dental office, at home with guidance from a dentist, or at home with the use of over-the-counter products. Tools for self-treatment includebleaching trays, gels or strips that are applied to the teeth, and toothpaste.
Whitening treatments are cosmetic procedures, and are usually not covered by dental insurance.
Products used by oral health professionals such and those sold over the counter may have the ADA Seal ofAcceptance. This endorsement indicates that products carrying the seal have met the American Dental Association’scriteria for safety and effectiveness. Those standards are based on the patient following directions when the productis used.
The ADA evaluation program is voluntary. That means manufacturers are not required to submit products for review.As a result, the lack of a seal may not indicate that the product is unsafe. However, products on the Accepted listhave the ADA endorsement, and the association may take positions on certain unevaluated procedures such as lasertreatment.

Dental office treatment

The whitening treatment provided by dentists is known as chairside bleaching, in-office bleaching, or power bleaching.The dentist first protects the patient’s gums and tissue by applying a protective gel or a rubber shield. The dentistthan applies a whitening solution on the teeth.
The whitening solution contains hydrogen peroxide, which is a bleaching agent that could change the tooth color. Thebleach is used to remove surface (extrinsic) and deeper (intrinsic) stains. Professionally applied whiteners, thosesolutions used by dentists, usually contain hydrogen peroxide. This bleaching agent comes in concentrations rangingfrom 15% to 35%. As of March of 2005, all solutions with the ADA Seal had a 35% concentration of hydrogenperoxide.
After the gel is applied, a light may be shined on the teeth to accelerate the whitening agent. Some agents areenhanced by lasers. However, no treatments requiring lasers were on the ADA list of accepted products as of March2005. Although lasers may be safe, the association had not seen published, peer-reviewed data on the safety andeffectiveness of laser whitening.
Chairside bleaching treatment may last from thirty minutes to an hour, according to the ADA. In addition, patients mayneed to return for additional treatments. The cost of treatment for the whole mouth can cost from $500 to $1,000.Factors affecting cost include the patient’s location and the number of treatments needed. At the high end of therange is laser treatment, which could cost $1,000 or more.


During supervised at-home treatment, the dentist may schedule appointments to check on the progress of whitening, side effects, and the tray fit.
After treatment is completed, people need to be aware that smoking will cause teeth to discolor. Beverages with caffeine should be consumed with a straw to reduce the effects of staining. Another preventive action is brushing the teeth after drinking or eating foods that cause stains.


Teeth-whitening may cause sensitivity to hot and cold food and beverages. This is a temporary side effect that usuallyends when treatment is completed. Some patients also experience gum irritation if the tray does not fit properly.

Normal results

Dentists use a stronger bleaching agent than that found in commercial products, so in-office whitening treatmentproduces a more dramatic effect on teeth with yellow stains. Over-the-counter products with bleach provide somechange in the tooth color, and whitening toothpaste works only on surface stains.
Bleaching does not leave teeth permanently white. Whitening can last from six months to a year. Sometimes teethstay white even longer. However, smoking or consumption of food and beverages that stain can cause discolorationwithin one month.

Teeth Cleaning

A dental prophylaxis is a cleaning procedure performed to thoroughly clean the teeth. Prophylaxis is an important dental treatment for halting the progression of periodontal disease and gingivitis.
Periodontal disease and gingivitis occur when bacteria from plaque colonize on the gingival (gum) tissue, either above or below the gum line. These bacteria colonies cause serious inflammation and irritation which in turn produce a chronic inflammatory response in the body. As a result, the body begins to systematically destroy gum and bone tissue, making the teeth shift, become unstable, or completely fall out. The pockets between the gums and teeth become deeper and house more bacteria which may travel via the bloodstream and infect other parts of the body.

What are the reasons for prophylaxis / teeth cleaning

Prophylaxis is an excellent procedure to help keep the oral cavity in good health and also halt the progression of gum disease.

What are some of the benefits of prophylaxis?

  • Tartar removal – Tartar (calculus) and plaque buildup, both above and below the gum line, can cause serious periodontal problems if left untreated. Even using the best brushing and flossing homecare techniques, it can be impossible to remove debris, bacteria, and deposits from gum pockets. The experienced eye of a dentist using specialized dental equipment is needed in order to spot and treat problems such as tartar and plaque buildup.
  • Aesthetics – It’s hard to feel confident about a smile marred by yellowing, stained teeth. Prophylaxis can rid the teeth of unsightly stains and return the smile to its former glory.
  • Fresher breath – Periodontal disease is often signified by persistent bad breath (halitosis). Bad breath is generally caused by a combination of rotting food particles below the gum line, possible gangrene stemming from gum infection, and periodontal problems. The removal of plaque, calculus, and bacteria noticeably improves breath and alleviates irritation.
  • Identification of health issues – Many health problems first present themselves to the dentist. Since prophylaxis involves a thorough examination of the entire oral cavity, the dentist is able to screen for oral cancer, evaluate the risk of periodontitis and often spot signs of medical problems like diabetes and kidney problems. Recommendations can also be provided for altering the home care regimen.

What does prophylaxis treatment involve?

Prophylaxis can either be performed in the course of a regular dental visit. Prophylaxis is generally performed in several stages:

  • Supragingival cleaning – The dentist will thoroughly clean the area above the gum line with scaling tools to rid them of plaque and calculus.
  • Subgingival cleaning – This is the most important step for patients with the periodontal disease because the dentist is able to remove calculus from the gum pockets and beneath the gum line.
  • Root planing – This is the smoothing of the tooth root by the dentist to eliminate any remaining bacteria. These bacteria are extremely dangerous to your periodontal health, so eliminating them is one of the top priorities of the dentist.
  • Medication – Following scaling and root planning, an antibiotic or antimicrobial cream is often placed in the gum pockets. These creams promote fast and healthy healing in the pockets and help ease discomfort.
  • X-ray and examination – Routine X-rays can be extremely revealing when it comes to periodontal disease. X-rays show the extent of bone and gum recession and also aid the dentist in identifying areas which may need future attention.

Prophylaxis is recommended twice annually as a preventative measure, but should be performed every 3-4 months on periodontitis sufferers. Though gum disease cannot be completely reversed, prophylaxis is one of the tools the dentist can use to effectively halt its destructive progress.

teeth cleaning in bapu nagar

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